c8.10.18 – Forest biodiversity effects on ecosystem functions in European forests – The FunDiv EUROPE project at the Italian sampling sites

Pollastrini M (1), Coppi A (1), Selvi F (1), Bussotti F (1), Scherer Lorenzen M (2)

(1) Dipartimento di Biotecnologie Agrarie, Sezione di Botanica Ambientale e Applicata, Università di Firenze; (2) University of Freiburg, Faculty of Biology
Collocazione: c8.10.18 – Tipo Comunicazione: Poster
8° Congresso SISEF *
Sessione 10: “Poster” *

Contatto: Martina Pollastrini (martina.pollastrini@unifi.it)

Abstract: FunDivEUROPE is a new FP7 broad-scale research project involving 24 scientific partners, that will collaborate to quantify the effects of forest biodiversity on ecosystem functions and services in major European forest types (www.fundiveurope.eu). This project focuses on how tree species diversity can be used to foster the provision of forest ecosystem services such as timber production, carbon sequestration and freshwater provisioning. Although the relevance of these issues is today widely acknolewdged, such questions are still waiting to be answered through an integrated scientific approach focusing on temperate forests (Scherer-Lorenzen et al., 2005). FunDivEUROPE includes different research platforms (experimental, exploratory, inventory and knowledge transfer). The Exploratory platform consists of a network of approximately 300 plots in natural mature forests in six different focal regions in Europe (Italy, Spain, Romania, Germany, Poland, Finland). The Italian forest sites were choosen as representative of the “thermophilous deciduous forest vegetation”. The basic methodological philosophy of the project is the “all measurements on all plots”. One task focuses on ecological and physiological aspects of the forest ecosystem, including carbon and nitrogen fluxes, photosynthesis and water use efficiency, together with the effects of insects and fungal pathogen damage as affected by diversity patterns. Objectives of this task are to valuate and quantify how the ecophysiological processes of forests are affected by biodiversity (species, level of species mixture) and by management. The specific contribution of the Italian research team will be the assessment of the photosynthetic efficiency across the different type of European forests by mean of chlorophyll fluorescence measurements. The integration of the fluorescence data with other ecophysiological features will allow to understand the processes in their completeness at level of forestry ecosystem. The Italian sites are located in central-southern Tuscany, where extensive submediterranean woodlands dominated by broad-leaf and evergreen trees occur in various combinations. In order to meet the requirements of the the project, the fourty selected plots are representative of four diversity levels based on different admixtures of five focal species, e.g. Quercus cerris, Q. petraea, Q. ilex, Castanea sativa and Ostrya carpinifolia. The basic data concerning geographic location, ecological characters, forest structure and floristic composition at these sites are presented here. The results will provide guidance on sustainable management of forests in the different ecological conditions in Europe. Scherer-Lorenzen M., Körner Ch., E.-D. Schulze (Eds.). 2005. Forest Diversity and Function. Ecological Studies 176. Springer.

Parole chiave: Forest Biodiversity, Ecosystem Functions, Fundiveurope, Sustainable Management

Citazione: Pollastrini M , Coppi A , Selvi F , Bussotti F , Scherer Lorenzen M (2011). Forest biodiversity effects on ecosystem functions in European forests – The FunDiv EUROPE project at the Italian sampling sites . 8° Congresso Nazionale SISEF, Rende (CS), 04 – 07 Ott 2011, Contributo no. #c8.10.18